Ionosphere's physics

2ionosfera1The ionosphere is extremely important, in fact it makes possible the long distance radio communications by reflecting the radio waves back to Earth. So it is possible to communicate, for example, between ship-Earth, airplane - airplane both for commercial and military uses. Moreover some radio stations use this reflecting property of the ionosphere to spread programs in all the world. The ionosphere is affected from solar events as 'flares' or 'coronal mass ejections' that can cause the break of the worldwide communications on the frequency band at short waves.


Ionospheric observatories


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Ionospheric forecasts and models

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Ionosphere | passive ionospheric measurements | ionospheric sounding